Offside. Ein Spieler der Defense ist Offside (im Abseits), wenn er sich zum Zeitpunkt des Snaps über die Anspiellinie (Line of Scrimmage) hinaus bewegt hat. to be offside (player) im Abseits sein or stehen; (goal) ein Abseitstreffer m sein. in an offside position in einer Abseitsposition, im Abseits. offside rule Abseitsregel.  The assistant referee signals an offside - Der Linienrichter zeigt eine Abseitsstellung an. Worttrennung: off·side, Plural: off·sides. Aussprache: IPA: BE: [.
Offside - DefinitionÜbersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für offside im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Abseits steht eines der Gesetze des Vereinsfußballs, das in Gesetz 11 der Spielregeln kodifiziert ist. to be offside (player) im Abseits sein or stehen; (goal) ein Abseitstreffer m sein. in an offside position in einer Abseitsposition, im Abseits. offside rule Abseitsregel.
Offside Navigation menu Video⚽️ Offside Rule for Beginners - Ninh explains Football / Soccer
This text was reflected in the first draft of laws drawn up by FA secretary Ebenezer Morley , and presented by him to the FA meeting on the 24 November for final approval.
The opponents of hacking brought the delegates' attention to the Cambridge Rules of which banned carrying and hacking :  Discussion of the Cambridge rules, and suggestions for possible communication with Cambridge on the subject, served to delay the final "settlement" of the laws to a further meeting, on 1 December.
A number of representatives who supported rugby-style football did not attend this additional meeting,  resulting in hacking and carrying being banned.
Although the offside law was not itself a significant issue in the dispute between the pro- and anti-hacking clubs, it was completely rewritten.
The original law, taken from Thring's Simplest Game , was replaced by a modified version of the equivalent law from the Cambridge Rules: .
When a player has kicked the ball any one of the same side who is nearer to the opponent's goal line is out of play and may not touch the ball himself nor in any way whatever prevent any other player from doing so until the ball has been played; but no player is out of play when the ball is kicked from behind the goal line.
The law adopted by the FA was "strict"—i. This exception was necessary because every player on the attacking side would have otherwise been "out of play" from such a kick.
At the first revision of the FA laws, in February , an important qualifier was added to soften the "strict" offside law: .
When a player has kicked the ball, any one of the same side who is nearer to the opponents' goal line is out of play, and may not touch the ball himself, nor in any way whatever prevent any other player from doing so, until the ball has been played, unless there are at least three of his opponents between him and their own goal ; but no player is out of play when the ball is kicked from behind the goal line.
At the FA's meeting, the alteration "gave rise to a lengthy discussion, many thinking with Mr. Morley that it would be better to do away with the off side [law] altogether, especially as the Sheffield clubs had none.
It being found, however, that the rule could not be expunged without notice, the alteration was passed. Contemporaneous reports do not indicate the reason for the change.
Over the next seven years, there were several attempts to change the three-player rule, but none were successful:.
Offside was the subject of the biggest dispute between the Sheffield Football Association which produced its own " Sheffield Rules " and the Football Association.
The original laws allowed players to be in an offside position even when in their own half. This happened rarely, but was possible when one team pressed high up the field, for example in a Sunderland v Wolverhampton Wanderers match in December In May , Clyde FC suggested that players should not be offside in their own half, but this suggestion was rejected by the Scottish Football Association.
The Scottish proposal gained support in England. The Scottish FA urged the change from a three-player to a two-player offside rule as early as Meetings of the International Board were suspended after because of the First World War.
After they resumed in , the SFA once again proposed the 2-player rule in , , and In and , the Scottish Association withdrew its proposal after English FA opposed it.
On 30 March , the FA arranged a trial match at Highbury where two proposed changes to the offside rules were tested. During the first half, a player could not be offside unless within forty yards of the opponents' goal-line.
In the second half, the two-player rule was used. The two-player proposal was considered by the FA at its annual meeting on the 8th of June.
Proponents cited the new rule's potential to reduce stoppages, avoid refereeing errors, and improve the spectacle, while opponents complained that it would give "undue advantage to attackers"; referees were overwhelmingly opposed to the change.
The two-player rule was nevertheless approved by the FA by a large majority. The two-player rule was one of the more significant rule changes in the history of the game during the 20th century.
It led to an immediate change in the style of play, with the game becoming more stretched, "short passing giv[ing] way to longer balls", and the development of the W-M formation.
This number rose to 6, goals from the same number of games in — In , IFAB altered the offside law so that an attacker who is level with the second-last defender would be considered onside, whereas previously such a player would have been considered offside.
This change, proposed by the Scottish FA, was made in order to "encourage the attacking team" by "giving the attacking player an advantage over the defender.
In , IFAB clarified that, when evaluating an attacking player's position for the purposes of the offside law, the part of the player's head, body or feet closest to the defending team's goal-line should be considered, with the hands and arms being excluded because "there is no advantage to be gained if only the arms are in advance of the opponent".
In , it was stated that a defender who leaves the field of play without the referee's permission must be considered to be on the nearest boundary line for the purposes of deciding whether an attacker is in an offside position.
In , it was clarified that a player on the halfway line itself cannot be in an offside position: part of the player's head, body or feet must be within the opponent's half of the field of play.
During the —74 and —75 seasons, an experimental version of the offside rule was operated in the Scottish League Cup and Drybrough Cup competitions.
Since the first FA laws of , a player has not been penalized for being in an offside position at the moment a team-mate takes a goal kick. Under the original laws of , it was not possible to be offside from a throw-in ;  however, since the ball was required to be thrown in at right-angles to the touch-line, it would have been unusual for a player to gain significant advantage from being ahead of the ball.
In , the throw-in law was changed to allow the ball to be thrown in any direction. This situation lasted until , when the law was altered to prevent a player being offside from a throw-in.
When first introduced in , the corner kick was required to be taken from the corner-flag itself, which made it impossible for an attacking player to be in an offside position relative to the ball.
The laws of football have always permitted an offside offence to be committed from a free kick. The free kick contrasts, in this respect, with other restarts of play such as the goal kick, corner kick, and throw-in.
An unsuccessful proposal to remove the possibility of being offside from a direct free-kick was made in Just before an attacking player is played a through ball, the last defender or defenders move up field, isolating the attacker into an offside position.
The execution requires careful timing by the defence and is considered a risk, since running up field against the direction of attack may leave the goal exposed.
Now that changes to the interpretations of "interfering with play, interfering with an opponent and gaining an advantage" mean a player is not guilty of an offside offence unless they become directly and clearly involved in active play, players not involved in active play cannot be "caught offside", making the tactic riskier.
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